God reveals Himself through His written revelation, the Bible. “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God” (2 Timothy 3:16). The Bible is the book by God and about God!
Please check back end July for Article
Names of God: A Way to Understand His Nature and Character
The Names of God used in the Bible act as a roadmap for learning about the character of God. Since the Bible is God’s Word to us, the names He chooses in scripture are meant to reveal His true nature to us.
Names of God: His Titles Revealed in Scripture
“ELOHIM” (or Elohay) is the first name for God found in the Bible, and it’s used throughout the Old Testament over 2,300 times. Elohim comes from the Hebrew root meaning “strength” or “power”, and has the unusual characteristic of being plural in form. In Genesis 1:1, we read, “In the beginning Elohim created the heaven and the earth.” Right from the start, this plural form for the name of God is used to describe the One God, a mystery that is uncovered throughout the rest of the Bible. Throughout scripture, Elohim is combined with other words to describe certain characteristics of God. Some examples: Elohay Kedem – God of the Beginning: (Deuteronomy 33:27). Elohay Mishpat – God Of Justice: (Isaiah 30:18). Elohay Selichot – God Of Forgiveness: (Nehemiah 9:17). Elohay Marom – God Of Heights: (Micah 6:6). Elohay Mikarov – God Who Is Near: (Jeremiah 23:23). Elohay Mauzi – God Of My Strength: (Psalm 43:2). Elohay Tehilati – God Of My Praise: (Psalm 109:1). Elohay Yishi – God Of My Salvation: (Psalm 18:46). Elohim Kedoshim – Holy God: (Leviticus 19:2, Joshua 24:19). Elohim Chaiyim – Living God: (Jeremiah 10:10). Elohay Elohim – God Of Gods: (Deuteronomy 10:17).
“EL” is another name used for God in the Bible, showing up about 200 times in the Old Testament. El is the simple form arising from Elohim, and is often combined with other words for descriptive emphasis. Some examples: El HaNe’eman – The Faithful God: (Deuteronomy 7:9). El HaGadol – The Great God: (Deuteronomy 10:17). El HaKadosh – The Holy God: (Isaiah 5:16). El Yisrael – The God Of Israel: (Psalm 68:35). El HaShamayim – The God Of The Heavens: (Psalm 136:26). El De’ot – The God Of Knowledge: (1 Samuel 2:3). El Emet – The God Of Truth: (Psalm 31:6). El Yeshuati – The God Of My Salvation: (Isaiah 12:2). El Elyon – The Most High God: (Genesis 14:18). Immanu El – God Is With Us: (Isaiah 7:14). El Olam – The God Of Eternity (Genesis 21:33). El Echad – The One God: (Malachi 2:10). “ELAH” is another name for God, used about 70 times in the Old Testament. Again, when combined with other words, we see different attributes of God. Some examples: Elah Yerush’lem – God of Jerusalem: (Ezra 7:19). Elah Yisrael – God of Israel: (Ezra 5:1). Elah Sh’maya – God of Heaven: (Ezra 7:23). Elah Sh’maya V’Arah – God of Heaven and Earth: (Ezra 5:11).
“YHVH” is the Hebrew word that translates as “LORD”. Found more often in the Old Testament than any other name for God (approximately 7,000 times), the title is also referred to as the “Tetragrammaton,” meaning the “The Four Letters”. YHVH comes from the Hebrew verb “to be” and is the special name that God revealed to Moses at the burning bush. “And God said to Moses, ‘I AM WHO I AM; and He said, thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, I AM has sent me to you… this is My eternal name, and this is how I am to be recalled for all generations'” (Exodus 3:14-15). Therefore, YHVH declares God’s absolute being – the source of everything, without beginning and without end. Although some pronounce YHVH as “Jehovah” or “Yaweh,” scholars really don’t know the proper pronunciation. The Jews stopped pronouncing this name by about 200 A.D., out of fear of breaking the commandment “You shall not take the name of YHVH your God in vain” (Exodus 20:7). (Today’s rabbis typically use “Adonai” in place of YHVH.) Here are some examples of YHVH used in scripture: YHVH Elohim – LORD God: (Genesis 2:4). YHVH M’kadesh – The LORD Who Makes Holy: (Ezekiel 37:28). YHVH Yireh – The LORD Who Sees/provides: (Genesis 22:14). YHVH Nissi – The LORD My Banner: (Exodus 17:15). YHVH Shalom – The LORD Of Peace: (Judges 6:24). YHVH Tzidkaynu – The LORD Our Righteousness: (Jeremiah 33:16). YHVH O’saynu – The LORD our Maker: (Psalm 95:6).
Names of God: The Lord Revealed in YHVH is the Lord Revealed in Yeshua (Jesus)
The LORD who revealed Himself as YHVH in the Old Testament is revealed as Yeshua (Jesus) in the New Testament. Jesus shares the same attributes as YHVH and clearly claims to be YHVH. In John 8:56-59, Jesus presents himself as the “I AM.” When challenged by some Jewish leaders regarding His claim of seeing Abraham (who lived some 2000 years earlier), Jesus replied, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was born, I AM.” Those Jewish leaders understood that Jesus was claiming to be YHVH. This is clearly established when they tried to stone Him to death for what they considered blasphemy under Jewish Law. In Romans 10:9, Paul declares, “if you confess with your mouth Yeshua as LORD… you shall be saved.” Immediately thereafter, in Romans 10:13, Paul backs up this declaration by quoting the Old Testament, “Whoever will call upon the name of the LORD (YHVH) will be saved” (Joel 2:32). Calling on Yeshua (Jesus) as Lord is the same as calling Him YHVH, because Yeshua (Jesus) is YHVH (LORD), the Messiah foretold throughout the entire Old Testament.
Who Is God – Father God or Mother Nature?
Who is God? What has He revealed about Himself? To begin with, whenever He refers to Himself in parental terms, He always addresses Himself as “Father,” never “Mother.” He calls Himself “a Father to Israel,”1 and in one instance, when His “children” were particularly disrespectful to Him, He said to them, “A son honors his father, and a servant his master. If then I am the Father, where is My honor? And if I am a Master, where is My reverence?” 2
His prophets acknowledged Him as Father by saying, “You are our Father, we are the clay, and You our potter; And all of us are the work of Your hand,”3 and “do we not all have one Father? Has not one God created us?”4 Never once does God refer to Himself as “Mother” and never once is He called such by the prophets to whom He spoke. Calling God “Mother Nature” is comparable to calling your earthly father “Mom.”
Who Is God – What Does God Care About?
Who is God in terms of moral attributes? What does God have to say about Himself in this regard? He says that He delights in justice and righteousness: “…Let not the wise man boast of his wisdom or the strong man boast of his strength or the rich man boast of his riches, but let him who boasts boast about this: that he understands and knows me, that I am the LORD, who exercises kindness, justice and righteousness on earth, for in these I delight.”5 “For I, the LORD, love justice; I hate robbery and iniquity…”6
Justice and equity are very important to God. But so are grace and mercy. And so, while God will hold everyone accountable, each for their own lives, He extends His grace to the repentant sinner. He promises that, “‘If the wicked man turns from all his sins which he has committed and observes all My statutes and practices justice and righteousness, he shall surely live; he shall not die. All his transgressions which he has committed will not be remembered against him; because of his righteousness which he has practiced, he will live. Do I have any pleasure in the death of the wicked,’ declares the Lord GOD, ‘rather than that he should turn from his ways and live?…I have no pleasure in the death of anyone who dies,’ declares the Lord GOD. ‘Therefore, repent and live.'”7
By “death” God is not referring to the physical death which we might have in mind. Rather, God is referring to something which will happen in eternity, after our physical deaths. The Scriptures refer to this event as the “second death.”8 The first death separates us from our bodies and takes us from this world. The second death is different. It also entails a separation, but it’s the separation of one group of people from another: the righteous and the forgiven on one hand and the wicked and the unrepentant on the other. The two groups will be judged separately.
The one group will be rewarded according to the good that they’ve done. Their evil deeds will be overlooked, forgiven by God. The other group will be judged according to the evil that they have done, and their good deeds will not keep them from their punishment. God says, “When a righteous man turns away from his righteousness, commits iniquity and dies because of it, for his iniquity which he has committed he will die.” But “when a wicked man turns away from his wickedness which he has committed and practices justice and righteousness, he will save his life. Because he considered and turned away from all his transgressions which he had committed, he shall surely live; he shall not die. …Therefore, repent and live.”9 In this way, God will see that justice ultimately prevails, but that mercy is given to the humble and the repentant.
God has made a provision for those who want to repent, a provision to atone for the sins of those who want to be made right with Him. He sent a “Messiah,” a Servant who willingly suffered and died a vicarious death in order to pay for the sins of those who would repent and trust in Him. The Scriptures say, “Who has believed our message and to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed?…Surely He took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows…He was pierced for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon Him, and by His wounds we are healed.
We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; and the LORD has laid on Him the iniquity of us all.…it was the LORD’s will to crush Him and cause Him to suffer, and though the LORD makes His life a guilt offering, He will see His offspring and prolong His days, and the will of the LORD will prosper in His hand. After the suffering of His soul, He will see the light of life and be satisfied; by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many, and he will bear their iniquities.…he poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors. For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.” 10
20 Bible Facts About God
- God is eternal.
(Deuteronomy 33:27; Jeremiah 10:10; Psalm 90:2)
- God is infinite.
(1 Kings 8:22-27; Jeremiah 23:24; Psalm 102:25-27; Revelation 22:13)
- God is self-sufficient and self-existent.
(Exodus 3:13-14; Psalm 50:10-12; Colossians 1:16)
- God is omnipresent (present everywhere).
- God is omnipotent (all powerful).
(Genesis 18:14; Luke 18:27; Revelation 19:6)
- God is omniscient (all knowing).
(Psalm 139:2-6; Isaiah 40:13-14)
- God is unchanging or immutable.
(Psalm 102:25-27; Hebrews 1:10-12; 13:8)
- God is sovereign.
(2 Samuel 7:22; Isaiah 46:9-11)
- God is wise.
(Proverbs 3:19; Romans 16:26-27; 1 Timothy 1:17)
- God is holy.
(Leviticus 19:2; 1 Peter 1:15)
- God is righteous and just.
(Deuteronomy 32:4; Psalm 11:7; Psalm 119:137)
- God is faithful.
(Deuteronomy 7:9; Psalm 89:1-8)
- God is true and truth.
(Psalm 31:5; John 14:6; John 17:3; Titus 1:1-2)
- God is good.
(Psalm 25:8; Psalm 34:8; Mark 10:18)
- God is merciful.
(Deuteronomy 4:31; Psalm 103:8-17; Daniel 9:9; Hebrews 2:17)
- God is gracious.
(Exodus 34:6; Psalm 103:8; 1 Peter 5:10)
- God is love.
(John 3:16; Romans 5:8; 1 John 4:8)
- God is spirit.
- God is light.
(James 1:17; 1 John 1:5)
- God is one God, yet Father, Son and Holy Spirit
Matthew 28:19; 2 Corinthians 13:14)
Biblical Names of God – Scriptural Names for God and Jesus
Advocate – 1 John 2:1
Almighty – Revelation 1:8
Alpha – Revelation 1:8
Amen – Revelation 3:14
Angel of the Lord – Genesis 16:7
Anointed One – Psalm 2:2
Apostle – Hebrews 3:1
Author and Perfecter of our Faith – Heb 12:2
Beginning – Revelation 21:6
Bishop of Souls – 1 Peter 2:25
Branch – Zechariah 3:8
Bread of Life – John 6:35,48
Bridegroom – Matthew 9:15
Carpenter – Mark 6:3
Chief Shepherd – 1 Peter 5:4
The Christ – Matthew 1:16
Comforter – Jeremiah 8:18
Consolation of Israel – Luke 2:25
Cornerstone – Ephesians 2:20
Dayspring – Luke 1:78
Day Star – 2 Peter 1:19
Deliverer – Romans 11:26
Desire of Nations – Haggai 2:7
Emmanuel – Matthew 1:23
End – Revelation 21:6
Everlasting Father – Isaiah 9:6
Faithful and True Witness – Rev 3:14
First Fruits – 1 Corinthians 15:23
Foundation – Isaiah 28:16
Fountain – Zechariah 13:1
Friend of Sinners – Matthew 11:19
Gate for the Sheep – John 10:7
Gift of God – 2 Corinthians 9:15
God – John 1:1
Glory of God – Isaiah 60:1
Good Shepherd – John 10:11
Governor – Matthew 2:6
Great Shepherd – Hebrews 13:20
Guide – Psalm 48:14
Head of the Church – Colossians 1:18
High Priest – Hebrews 3:1
Holy One of Israel – Isaiah 41:14
Horn of Salvation – Luke 1:69
I Am – Exodus 3:14
Jehovah – Psalm 83:18
Jesus – Matthew 1:21
King of Israel – Matthew 27:42
King of Kings – 1 Timothy 6:15; Rev 19:16
Lamb of God – John 1:29
Last Adam – 1 Corinthians 15:45
Life – John 11:25
Light of the World – John 8:12; John 9:5
Lion of the Tribe of Judah – Rev 5:5
Lord of Lords – 1 Timothy 6:15; Rev 19:16
Master – Matthew 23:8
Mediator – 1 Timothy 2:5
Messiah – John 1:41
Mighty God – Isaiah 9:6
Morning Star – Revelation 22:16
Nazarene – Matthew 2:23
Omega – Revelation 1:8
Passover Lamb – 1 Corinthians 5:7
Physician – Matthew 9:12
Potentate – 1 Timothy 6:15
Priest – Hebrews 4:15
Prince of Peace – Isaiah 9:6
Prophet – Acts 3:22
Propitiation – I John 2:2
Purifier – Malachi 3:3
Rabbi – John 1:49
Ransom – 1 Timothy 2:6
Redeemer – Isaiah 41:14
Refiner – Malachi 3:2
Refuge – Isaiah 25:4
Resurrection – John 11:25
Righteousness – Jeremiah 23:6
Rock – Deuteronomy 32:4
Root of David – Revelation 22:16
Rose of Sharon – Song of Solomon 2:1
Ruler of God’s Creation – Rev 3:14
Sacrifice – Ephesians 5:2
Savior – 2 Samuel 22:47; Luke 1:47
Second Adam – 1 Corinthians 15:47
Seed of Abraham – Galatians 3:16
Seed of David – 2 Timothy 2:8
Seed of the Woman – Genesis 3:15
Servant – Isaiah 42:1
Shepherd – 1 Peter 2:25
Shiloh – Genesis 49:10
Son of David – Matthew 15:22
Son of God – Luke 1:35
Son of Man – Matthew 18:11
Son of Mary – Mark 6:3
Son of the Most High – Luke 1:32
Stone – Isaiah 28:16
Sun of Righteousness – Malachi 4:2
Teacher – Matthew 26:18
Truth – John 14:6
Way – John 14:6
Wonderful Counselor – Isaiah 9:6
Word – John 1:1
Vine – John 15:1